Hanoi

Hanoi Tours Things to see in Hanoi Things to eat in Hanoi Hanoi Transportation Hanoi Travel Tips
  • Location: northern Vietnam
  • Status: capital
  • Population: about 6.5 million people, in which 2.6 million for urban districts (2009 census)
  • Area: about 3,344 square km municipality, and 186.2 km urban area
  • Telephone area code: 04

Hanoi is the capital of Northern Vietnam and keeps this role until now. The city is located on the right bank of the Red River and far about 1760 kilometers from Ho Chi Minh City. Hanoi features a warm humid subtropical climate with plentiful precipitation. In addition, Hanoi is considered one of the main cultural centers of Vietnam, where most Vietnamese dynasties have left their imprint.

In 1902, Hanoi became the capital of the Indochina Federation and it was built by French. Through two wars, Hanoi is the capital of Northern Vietnam and keeps this role until now. Its population in 2009 was estimated at 2.6 million for urban districts, 6.5 million for the metropolitan jurisdiction. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. The city is located on the right bank of the Red River and far about 1760 kilometers from Ho Chi Minh City.

Hanoi is located between 20053' to 21023' north latitude and 105044' to 106002'east longitude. The city has an area of 3.324,92 square kilometers. Hanoi is a city with a mount of lakes, ancient rivers. In the inner city, West Lake has large area of about 500 ha, and plays an important role in the urban landscape. Today this lake is surrounded by many hotels and villas.

Hanoi is situated on an ancient soil area deposited from time immemorial with layer after layer of alluvium carried down from the northern mountain ranges by the Red River and its tributaries. That is the reason why Hanoian feel as closely connected to their Red River as children do towards their mothers. In the old days, the Red River was given another common name: Cai (Mother) River. The name of Hanoi (Exterior side of a river) has derived from an ancient language which is literally known as a land area located in the inner side the Red River. It is not that the city is inside the river but rather it is embraced by about 100 kilometers of the Red river dykes. The dyke portion in Hanoi accounts for about one fifth of the total river dykes flanking on either side of the Red River that runs along the Vietnamese territory on a stretch of more than 500 kilometers.

Other rivers that run through Hanoi include the Duong, the Cau, and the Ca Lo, the Day, the Nhue, the Tich, the To Lich and the Kim Nguu rivers. The last two rivers, To Lich and Kim Nguu, have been regarded as an inexhaustible source of inspiration for many Vietnamese literature writers and poems that lived in the capital city in the old days. These two rivers were considered the most poetic and romantic bodies of water that flows through the city.
At present the two rivers, To Lich and Kim Nguu, are still partly seen in the city. Their former grandeur has long lost their literature charm because they have to give way to urbanization development scheme. Currently these rivers are regarded merely as the city's main open ditch drainage system. However, the government has had in mind a massive upgrading scheme to return the two historic rivers their original beauty

 

Hanoi features a warm humid subtropical climate with plentiful precipitation. The city experiences the typical climate of northern Vietnam, where summers are hot and humid, and winters are, by national standards, relatively cool and dry. Summers, lasting from May to September, are hot and humid, and receive the majority of the annual 1,680 millimeters (66.1 in) of rainfall. The winters are short, relatively dry, and mild, while spring can bring light rains.

 When the first state of ancient Vietnam was established in Hanoi (formerly Thang Long), the city was considered a sacred and typical part of Vietnam. Twenty three centuries ago, Co Loa in the present-day district of Dong Anh was the capital of the ancient Au Lac country reigned by Thuc An Duong Vuong (King Thuc An Duong.) In the subsequent period of more than 1,000 years, Hanoi had witnessed brilliant feats of arms in a long resistance war against the northern mighty invaders. The subsequent dynasties sometimes moved their capital to other regions.
Mid 20th century, Hanoi suffers from the complex events of history. Events that Japanese attacks Indochina in 1940 make Vietnam under the administration of the French and Japanese. The Vietnamese forces held August revolution succeeded. In september 2nd 1945, Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence at Ba Dinh, and created the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with Hanoi capital. In 1945, the victory of Dien Bien Phu, our military regained the North of Vietnam, Hanoi continued the capital position of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

As the capital of Vietnam for almost a thousand years, Hanoi is considered one of the main cultural centers of Vietnam, where most Vietnamese dynasties have left their imprint. Even though some relics have not survived through wars and time, the city still has many interesting cultural and historic monuments for visitors and residents.

Hanoi was given the title "City for Peace" on June 17th 1999. In 2000, President Tran Duc Luong in Hanoi awarded the title "Capital hero" on October 4th. In 2010, the city celebrated 1000 years with 1000th anniversary of Thang Long - Hanoi from October 1st to 10th which prepared many years ago.

Hanoi is very compact, and the city is the most interesting places for tourists. You could probably explore the Old Quarter and visit all the places below in a single day. Tourists can enjoy fresh air when walking around Hoan Kiem Lake or West Lake, sight view in the Old Quarter and visit the entire trade villages around Hanoi. Moreover, they will have opportunities to enjoy traditional foods and have unforgettable time in Hanoi such as: Pho, Cha ca La Vong, com, Bun thang, Banh cuon, Bun cha…Coming and exploring Hanoi, tourist will find a strange and excited feeling about landscape and Hanoian.

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Hanoi Tours

12 Days
HanoiSapaHalong BayHueHoi AnHo Chi MinhMekong

We will start the tour from Northern Vietnam in Hanoi, Sapa and Halong Bay with antique Water Puppet Show and a city tour to historic relics, with happily trekking time in mountainous Sapa, and the relaxing time in...

Only From $998 $1,174
8 Days

Recent time has witnessed important, fraught, considerable changes to Vietnam. But North of Vietnam, with both boisterous and natural beauty of the country: Hanoi, Sapa, Trang An, Halong Bay – remains. Appreciated the...

Only From $529 $624
  • · Discover the tradition and modern styles of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city
  • · Feast your eyes on the beauty of Halong bay and have fun trying kayaking or bamboo boat in the bay
  • · Taste fresh seafood with affordable price in Hoi An, Nha Trang, and Phu Quoc islands
  • · Learn how to make traditional cuisines: Spring roll, Rice paper, Pop Corn candy…
  • · Relax at stunning beaches in Hoi An, Nha Trang, and Phu Quoc islands
  • · Firstly explore the beauty of Vietnam from the North to the South
  • · Take a delightful Halong bay cruise program with about 01 or 02 nights on an boutique wooden boat
  • · Enjoy your relaxing time in Hoian Ancient Port Town which is one the most desired and must-to-see place in Vietnam
  • · Have short time to learn about the history of Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) – the young city which has witnessed the amazing transforming of Vietnam nation
  • · Immerse yourselves in the charming nature of the Mekong river from Saigon to Siem Reap in a 07 nights cruise stay
Experiences :
Only From $2,025 $2,175
  • · Discovering the treasure of Northeastern Vietnam with a visit to Lang Son and Cao Bang province.
  • · Visiting the stunning landscape Ban Gioc Waterfall, have spectacular views of lush valleys, village hamlets and distant mountains.
  • · Exploring hill tribe's lifestyle by visiting local market in Cao Bang.
  • · Understanding Vietnam's history as well as a part of Uncle Ho's life.
  • · Time to interact with locals and know about their culture and customs.
Experiences :
Only From $230
  • · Exciting chance to explore the largest natural Lake in Vietnam, Ba Be Lake, the green pearl of Northeastern forest.
  • · An opportunity to feel the change of stunning landscape from the flatland to the Northeastern.
  • · Understanding about Tay ethnic's life by a visit to Pac Ngoi village.
  • · Getting more knowledge about local culture and customs.
  • · Time to enjoy pristine nature and life.
Experiences :
Only From $217
  • · Discover the rural beauty of Mai Chau and Pu Luong
  • · Experience challenging trek through magnificent landscapes of Pu Luong Natural Reserve
  • · Marvel at the breathtaking scenery, lush rainforest, mountainous views and rice terraces
  • · Meet up indigenous people at hill tribe villages
Experiences :
Only From $228
  • · Explore the stunning plateau of Moc Chau with its famous green tea plantation and endless plum orchards
  • · Ride along the old French colonial road no. 6
  • · Find out the culture and the secrets of making local tea
  • · Visit remote charming ethnic villages with various traditional customs
  • · Enjoy fantastic, rugged mountainous scenery
Experiences :
Only From $250

Things To See In Hanoi

Hanoi Ancient Citadel Hanoi Ancient Citadel
This Citadel is located in a large space, Ba Dinh, Hanoi. It was ranked...
Hoan Kiem Lake Hoan Kiem Lake
Hoan Kiem Lake, Turtle Tower, Ngoc Son Temple is a relic, famous sights, the...
Hoa Lo Prison Hoa Lo Prison
Hoa Lo Prison relic is located in the heart of Hanoi. It is built in 1896 by...
Hanoi Old Quarter Hanoi Old Quarter
The Old Quarter is a longstanding metropolitan area outside the Thang Long...
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, also called as Uncle Mausoleum, is a large memorial...
Hanoi Temple of Literature Hanoi Temple of Literature
Maybe everyone knows 'Hanoi Temple of Literature'- Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam - the...
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Things To Eat In Hanoi

Hanoi Pho Hanoi Pho
Pho and bun are two Hanoi specialties not to be forgotten. Pho Hanoi (Hanoi...
Hanoi Cha Ca Hanoi Cha Ca
Cha ca (sliced grilled fish), for instance, has long been a favorite dish of...
Hanoi Bun Thang Hanoi Bun Thang
Bun thang (Hanoi chicken vermicelli soup) is another dish closely associated...
Hanoi Bun Cha Hanoi Bun Cha
Bun cha - vermicelli served with small, savory, crispy and caramelized pork...
Hanoi Bun Rieu Cua Hanoi Bun Rieu Cua
When northern Vietnam's lush rice paddies are flooded, they're the source of...
Ho Tay Fried Shrimp Cake Ho Tay Fried Shrimp Cake
Overlooking Truc Bach Lake, Banh Tom Ho Tay (Ho Tay Fried Shrimp Cake) is...
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