Ngu Xa villages are located in the Truc Bach Lake shore west Hanoi, Truc Bach Lake through the West Lake. Around the West lake focus of famous trade village of Thang Long imperial in many centuries - flower textile trade and paper of Yen Thai, cast bronze of Ngu Xa. Ngu Xa means 5 villages (Dong Mai, Chau My, Lang Thuong, DienTien and Dao Nien of Van Lam - Hai Hung district and Thuan Thanh - Bac Ninh) which has a casting bronze crafts. People in the 5 villages pulled up Thang Long and set up the new village, get name Ngu Xa to remember the 5 villages of their origin. They organized into wards own career, called wards cast bronze of Ngu Xa. The Ngu Xa bronze casting is one of the four most prestigious crafts of ancient Thang Long- Hanoi. An old Hanoi saying goes 'Glossy silk from Yen Thai, pottery from Bat Trang, goldsmiths from Dinh Cong and bronze-casting from Ngu Xa'.
The village is also famous for carving statues. One typical example is a statue of Buddha sitting on a throne of 96 lotus petals, casted in 1952 and placed in Thien Quang Pagoda. It is 3.95m tall, 11.6m in diameter and 10 tons weight. The other is the statue of Huyen Thien Tran Vu in Quan Thanh Temple, which is 3.9m tall and weighs 4 tonnes. Nowadays Ngu Xa Street lies to the east of Truc Bach Lake, in Ba Dinh District.
Level cast bronze of Ngu Xa's people reached peak. Besides the intelligent creation, the standard eyes see, hand dexterity and the careful; the craftsman also knows career and experience long. Recipes cast of Ngu Xa, according to traditional in step in molds, cooking bronze, pouring bronze of the product. From original design, follow orders, artists have to run two tasks: creating samples and molds. Samples often create from wax or candles. For craftsman, the most difficult is to make molds, and molds must be based on the model, there are many types of molds, but the material often used is more than clay, mud ponds, the paper, lime, mud in pond …
Casting techniques of Ngu Xa has long been highly valued, have done for us and to the international effort to admire. Ngu Xa's people in proud career of his cast, a job have become a valuable tradition of them.
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